What does adiposity mean?

noun. the fact or condition of having much or too much fatty tissue in the body; obesity: Adult weight gain and adiposity in early adulthood were associated with marked increases in the risk of major chronic diseases in middle-aged and older men.

Which of the following describes lipolysis?

Lipolysis is the process by which fats are broken down in our bodies through enzymes and water, or hydrolysis. Lipolysis occurs in our adipose tissue stores, which are the fatty tissues that cushion and line our bodies and organs.

What is the evolutionary theory for obesity?

The thrifty genotype hypothesis asserts that obesity in industrialized countries is the result of thrifty genes passed down from these ancestors of present day humans who were subject to strong selection pressures that enriched the population with genes that promoted energy storage.

What is lipolysis and lipogenesis?

Lipolysis is the enzymatic process by which triacylglycerol, stored in cellular lipid droplets, is hydrolytically cleaved to generate glycerol and free fatty acids. Lipogenesis is the process by which glycerol is esterified with free fatty acids to form triglyceride.

What happens lipogenesis?

In biochemistry, lipogenesis is the conversion of fatty acids and glycerol into fats, or a metabolic process through which acetyl-CoA is converted to triglyceride for storage in fat.

What are thrifty genes?

In 1962 Neel [99] put forward the “thrifty gene hypothesis” that states that individuals who could easily store extra energy would have had an evolutionary advantage during famines. Obese and overweight individuals accordingly have this “thrifty gene”.

When did humans start getting obese?

Obesity likely began with the advent of agriculture 12,000 years ago. Food surpluses and the relatively sedentary lifestyle on settlements made overconsumption possible for the first time in human history.

What is stoutness mean?

1 : strong of character: such as. a : brave, bold. b : firm, determined also : obstinate, uncompromising. 2 : physically or materially strong: a : sturdy, vigorous.

What is the difference between lipogenesis and lipolysis?

As nouns the difference between lipogenesis and lipolysis is that lipogenesis is (biochemistry) the biochemical production of fat, especially the conversion of carbohydrate into fat so that it may be stored as a long-term source of energy when food is scarce while lipolysis is…

What is lipolysis and why is it important?

Like every vital biological process, lipolysis is regulated to meet our needs. At any given time, it would be extremely harmful to have tons of free fatty acids flowing through our bloodstream. Anyone with high cholesterol or arterial plaques will attest to that.

What is the relationship between fatty acid content and lipogenesis?

Indeed, a study has shown that patients with higher FL content have more than threefold rates of fatty acid synthesis via DNL compared to individuals with lower FL amounts [87]. Furthermore, postprandial blood glucose and insulin levels rise and promote hepatic lipogenesis.

Is lipogenesis anabolic or catabolic reaction?

Lipogenesis is an anabolic reaction. Lipolysis reduces fat build up. Lipogenesis increases fat build up. Adipose triglyceride lipase, hormone sensitive lipase, and monoacylglycerol lipase are involved in lipolysis. Acyl-CoA diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 and 2 are involved in lipogenesis.