How do you size a neon transformer?
To determine the required transformer voltage, multiply the operating voltage by 1.5 for argon/mercury and 1.8 for neon. Repeat this procedure for each tube in the sign, and tally the total for all tubes you want to put on one secondary circuit.
What type of transformer is used for neon signs?
A neon-sign transformer (NST) is a transformer made for the purpose of powering a neon sign. They convert line voltage from the 120-347 V up to high voltages, in the range of 2 to 15 kV.
How many volts is a neon sign?
Neon tubes require a high voltage at a low current to operate. This power is supplied by a specialized transformer. Secondary voltages typically range from 1,000 to 15,000 volts, and secondary currents range from 20 to 60 milliamps (and higher, for large diameter “cold cathode” tubing).
How many watts is a neon transformer?
The power consumption of a given neon tube depends on the type of transformer used and the color of the neon, but consumption of 3 1/2 to 4 watts per foot for red neon is typical.
How do you test a neon transformer?
Look at the neon sign that is plugged into the transformer. Look for flickering of the light (other than the initial flickering during the warm-up phase of the neon gas). If the light is flickering, then the current supplied by the transformer could be erratic or the neon sign itself could be worn out.
Are neon signs AC or DC?
A neon light actually works using either AC (alternating current) or DC (direct current), but if DC current is used, the glow is only seen around one electrode. AC current is used for most neon lights you see.
How much power does neon use?
How much power does a neon sign use? A red neon light’s typical energy consumption is at 3 1/2 to 4 watts per foot.
How much power does a neon light take?
Neon signs are quite energy-efficient and consume far less power than you might think given how brightly they glow. Most modern signs come equipped with a 240v transformer and use about the same amount of electricity as a single domestic light bulb (60W–100W).
What causes neon to flicker?
The reason neon bulbs flicker is that the gas is getting used to light the bulb it has a certain firing voltage that has to be controlled by limited current. This is accomplished by a series resistor. If the lamp fires at 67 volts then everything is ok.
Why do neon lights stop working?
Look for broken wires, a shorted wire, extremely low voltage or defective tube section within the neon light system. Shorts and broken wires will not transfer any voltage to the light. If several neon lights are connected in a series and one is broken then none of the lights will work.