Why was the Spokane Indian Reservation created?
Already the Spokane people were dwindling in population from introduced Eurasian diseases, such as smallpox, which were endemic among Europeans. By treaty between the federal government and the tribe, the people ceded most of their territory, accepting removal to the Spokane Reservation, which was established in 1881.
Was the relationship between the Spokane Indians and settlers one of peace or war?
The Spokane Tribe was predisposed to peace, but they too were alarmed by the encroachments on their land by settlers and soldiers.
What did the Spokane Tribe do?
The History of the Spokane Tribe of Indians At times they extended their hunting, fishing, and gathering grounds into Idaho and Montana. Spokane ancestors were a river people, living a semi-nomadic way of life hunting, fishing, and gathering all creator had made available to them.
What does Spokane mean in Native American?
children of the sun
Spokane means “children of the sun.” The Spokane Tribe’s reservation, bounded in the south by the Spokane River and in the west by the Columbia River, consists of 154,000 acres in eastern Washington on the Columbia River Plateau.
What does the word Spokane mean?
Children of the Sun
Spokane Area History Spokane’s first residents were Native American. From the Spokanes, we get our name, which means “Children of the Sun.” Spokane became an incorporated City on Nov. 29, 1881, encompassing 1.56 square miles. Back then, the City was known as Spokan Falls and had 350 residents.
Who lives on the Spokane Indian Reservation?
Today, the 2,879 enrolled Spokane tribal members live both on and off the Spokane Indian Reservation. The reservation was created in 1881 by U.S. President Rutherford B. Hayes through Executive Order.
What is Spokane powwow?
An annual celebration of Native American arts and culture, past and present. The history of this event, and the significance of gathering at the Spokane River, goes back generations.
What happened to the Spokane Tribe?
The three bands of the Spokane Indians were split up and some found new homes, which are now known as the Coeur d’Alene Indian Reservation, the Flathead Indian Reservation, and the Colville Indian Reservation. …
Why is Spokane famous?
Spokane is the economic and cultural center of the Spokane metropolitan area, the Spokane–Coeur d’Alene combined statistical area, and the Inland Northwest. It is known as the birthplace of Father’s Day, and locally by the nickname of “Lilac City”.
What did the Spokane Tribe wear?
Traditional dress of Spokane Indians included breechcloths (a long rectangular piece of hide or cloth tucked over a belt, so the flaps fell down in the front and back) and leggings for men, while women wore skirts, or one-piece dresses, and leggings.
Why was Spokane not part of the Columbia Plateau Treaty?
The Spokane were not party to these treaties. Stevens returned to the Columbia Plateau to meet with the Spokane in December, 1855. This was a period of white encroachment into Indian territories and the newly created Indian reservation lands, and the rich farmlands were being overrun.
When was the Spokane Indian Reservation established?
In 1858, with no treaty established or adequate communications from the Federal Government, the Spokane’s defended their families and country as U.S. soldiers marched through their country. In 1881, President Rutherford B. Hayes formerly established the Spokane Indian Reservation of approximately 154,602 land acres known as Chief Lot’s reservation.
What happened to the Spokane tribe after Lewis and Clark?
The Lewis and Clark expedition encountered the Spokane tribe in 1805. Already the Spokane people were dwindling in population from introduced Eurasian diseases, such as smallpox, which were endemic among Europeans. Shortly after the encounter with the Lewis and Clark expedition, fur traders and settlers arrived.
Why did the Spokane go to war with the Yakima?
Indian Wars broke out between the white settlers squatting on Indian lands and the tribes. Stevens negotiations with the Spokane were halted when the Yakima went to war. Although he was to return the following year, he was unable. The continued invasive settlement on Indian lands led to hostilities; which the Spokane joined.