Why was blasphemy a crime?

From the 16th century to the mid-19th century, blasphemy against Christianity was held as an offence against common law. Blasphemy was also used as a legal instrument to persecute atheists, Unitarians, and others. Ever since 1838, blasphemy was considered to be only a crime against beliefs of the Church of England.

How was blasphemy punished?

The most common punishment for blasphemers was capital punishment through hanging or stoning, justified by the words of Leviticus 24:13–16. Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, “Bring out of the camp the one who cursed, and let all who heard him lay their hands on his head, and let all the congregation stone him.

Who made 295c law?

In 1986, however, the Zia régime amended the law by adding section 295(C), which allowed private complaints and increased the penalty to either death or life imprisonment (The Herald May 1994, 46a).

What is the blasphemy law in Pakistan?

The Pakistan Penal Code, the main criminal code of Pakistan, penalizes blasphemy (Urdu: قانون توہین رسالت‎) against any recognized religion, providing penalties ranging from a fine to death.

What is the charge of blasphemy?

102. Punishment—Any person who shall wilfully blaspheme the holy name of God, by cursing or contumeliously reproaching God, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor. History: 1931, Act 328, Eff.

Is there an anti blasphemy law?

While there are no federal laws which forbid “religious vilification” or “religious insult” or “hate speech”, some states have blasphemy statutes. …

Is blasphemy a crime?

Justice defined blasphemy as ‘treason against the state and the law itself’. Blasphemy, in recent times, is defined as ‘the action or offence of speaking sacrilegiously about God or sacred things. In India, blasphemy is punishable under provisions of Indian penal code of 1860.

What is Section 188 Pakistan law?

188. Disobedience to an order lawfully promulgated by a public servant, if such disobedience causes obstruction, annoyance or injury to persons lawfully employed. If such disobedience causes danger to human life, health or safety, etc. Simple imprisonment for I month, or fine of 200 rupees, or both.

What is the punishment for blasphemy in Pakistan?

The Pakistan Penal Code, the main criminal code of Pakistan, punishes blasphemy (Urdu: قانون توہین رسالت ‎) against any recognized religion, providing penalties ranging from a fine to death.

Who are the people booked under the blasphemy law in India?

It says that Muslims constitute the majority of those booked under these laws, closely followed by the Ahmadi community. Data provided by National Commission for Justice and Peace (NCJP) shows a total of 776 Muslims, 505 Ahmedis, 229 Christians and 30 Hindus have been accused under various clauses of the blasphemy law from 1987 until 2018.

Should blasphemy laws be amended?

Amending the blasphemy laws has been on the agenda of many popular secular parties. None has made much progress – principally because of the sensitivities over the issue, but also because no major party wants to antagonise the religious parties.

Which countries have the strictest anti-blasphemy laws?

Among countries with a Muslim majority, Pakistan has the strictest anti-blasphemy laws. The first purpose of those laws is to protect Islamic authority. By the constitution (Article 2), Islam is the state religion.