Which colony was formed as a utopian society?

The Amana Colonies are some of America’s longest-lived communal societies and are one of many utopian colonies established in the US during the 18th and 19th centuries. Their history dates back to 1714 in the villages of Germany, and the Amana Colonies live on today on the Iowa prairie.

What were utopian communities in the 1800s?


Name Location Notes
New Harmony Indiana Harmonites Village
New Philadelphia Colony Pennsylvania A libertarian socialist community
Oberlin Colony Ohio Community based on Communal ownership of property
Brook Farm Massachusetts A Transcendent community. Transcendentalism is a religious and cultural philosophy based in New England.

What were the utopian communities?

Hine in California’s Utopian Colonies, includes “a group of people who are attempting to establish a new social pattern based upon a vision of the ideal society and who have withdrawn themselves from the community at large to embody that vision in experimental form.” They are composed of either religious or secular …

When were the utopian colonies established?


1841 Brook Farm, a communal joint stock company, opens in Massachusetts.
1848 The Oneida Community, a communal religious organization practicing free love and complex marriage, opens in New York.
1874 Valcour Community, a free-love community, is established on an island in Lake Champlain.

Was Mormonism a utopian society?

Mormons—The Mormons proved the most successful of the utopian communities of the 1800s. Founded by Joseph Smith, who claimed to have a made a great discovery in 1827 of a set of golden plates, which Smith translated into the Book of Mormon.

What were three utopian communities?

While many utopian experiments dotted the American landscape, the Shakers, the Rappites, the Oneida Community, Brook Farm and the Amana Colonies were among the most famous.

Was there ever a utopian society?

On one thing nearly everyone agrees: no utopia has ever existed. Large human societies tend to be governed by coercion. The instinct for warfare has been a driving force in nearly every civilisation of the last five millennia, from ancient Mesopotamia to the British Empire.

Were the Mormons a utopian community?

When was the first utopian society?

Most of the original utopias were created for religious purposes. One of the earliest was devised by George Rapp, a German zealot, who took 600 followers to western Pennsylvania in 1804.

Where were the antebellum utopian communities located?

The antebellum utopian communities were largely located in the Upper South.

What utopian society was the most successful?

The most famous was the Brook Farm Phalanx, just outside of Boston. While the Shakers, Owenites, and Fourierists all had intellectual roots in Europe, the most remarkable and, by many measures, the most successful utopian venture in American history was entirely homegrown.

Who was the leader of the utopian movement?

Charles Fourier, a French reformer and philosopher, set out the goal of social harmony through voluntary “phalanxes” that would be free of government interference and ultimately arise, unite and become a universal perfect society. John Humphrey Noyes designed Oneida community in upstate New York.

What were some of the most famous utopian colonies?

While numerous religious and secular utopian experiments dotted the American landscape, the Shakers, Rappites, the Perfectionists of the Oneida community the experiment at Brook Farm and the Amana Colony of the Inspirationists were among the most famous.

What is an example of a utopian community in the US?

Utopias in America. Hancock Shaker Village, in Berkshire County Massachusetts, is one example of a Utopian community that was founded in the United States.

What was the first utopia in the United States?

The first American Utopias grew out of Robert Owen’s attempt to create a model company town in New Lanark, Scotland. In the United States, Owen organized the New Harmony Community along the Wabash River in western Indiana in 1825.

What were the utopian movements of the nineteenth century?

The first half of the nineteenth century ushered in a golden era of utopian experimentation. Owenists, Fourierists, Oneida Perfectionists, Mormons, Amana Inspirationalists, and New Icarians all founded utopian communities in America between 1820 and 1870.