What virus causes St Louis encephalitis?

St. Louis encephalitis is a rare disease that is related to the West Nile virus and is transmitted by infected mosquitoes.

What is STL disease?

Saint Louis encephalitis is a disease caused by the mosquito-borne Saint Louis encephalitis virus. Saint Louis encephalitis virus is related to Japanese encephalitis virus and is a member of the family Flaviviridae. This disease mainly affects the United States, including Hawaii.

How is St Louis encephalitis spread?

St. Louis encephalitis (SLE) virus is spread to people by the bite of an infected mosquito. Most people infected with SLE virus do not have symptoms.

How long does St Louis encephalitis last?

For people with symptoms, the time from infected mosquito bite to feeling sick ranges from 4 to 14 days. Symptoms usually start abruptly, with fever, headache, dizziness, nausea, and generalized weakness. They typically get worse over a period of several days to a week. Some patients recover after this period.

How do you prevent St Louis encephalitis?

There is no vaccine to prevent SLE virus infection. The best way to prevent SLE is to protect yourself from mosquito bites. Use insect repellent, wear long-sleeved shirts and pants, treat clothing and gear, and take steps to control mosquitoes indoors and outdoors.

Do mosquitoes carry yellow fever?

Yellow fever is spread by the bite of infected Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. A mosquito becomes infected when it bites a person who has yellow fever in his or her blood.

Can STL be cured?

Viral STDs cannot be cured, but you can manage symptoms with medications.

Is La Crosse encephalitis contagious?

La Crosse encephalitis is a viral illness that is transmitted to people through the bite of an infected mosquito. The virus is a bunyavirus within the California serogroup and is closely related to Jamestown Canyon virus.

What is Lassa fever virus?

Lassa fever is an animal-borne, or zoonotic, acute viral illness. It is endemic in parts of West Africa including Sierra Leone, Liberia, Guinea and Nigeria. Neighboring countries are also at risk, as the animal vector for Lassa virus, the “multimammate rat” (Mastomys natalensis) is distributed throughout the region.

When was St Louis encephalitis discovered?

Louis encephalitis virus (SLEV) belongs to the virus family Flaviviridae and is related to Japanese encephalitis virus. The virus was first recognized in 1933 when an epidemic in St. Louis, Missouri resulted in over 1,000 cases of encephalitis.

What is an Orange mosquito?

Orange mosquitoes, or Invasive Aedes mosquitoes as they are most commonly known, first arrived in California in 2001 on shipments from China. Orange mosquitoes can transmit diseases such as chikungunya, dengue and zika, but these orange mosquitoes have not been linked to any outbreaks in California.