What are Tolata claims?

A TOLATA claim is where two individuals have lived together in a property and dispute an aspect of their cohabitation. The dispute could be regarding who actually owns the property. Perhaps Party A paid for the deposit and would like that to be reflected by being named on the land deeds.

Where do I issue a Tolata claim?

Claims can be issued in either the Family Division or the Chancery Division (Business and Property Courts, Property Trusts and Probate List (ChD)) and this, again, is both a technical and a tactical decision.

What did Tolata do?

The Trusts of Land and Appointment of Trustees Act 1996 (ToLATA) allows the court to determine the extent of each party’s interest in the land or property and also how that interest can be dealt with. It can also allow them to order the sale of a property.

What is a Tolata order?

Under TOLATA, the court’s powers are generally quite narrow: it can order a sale of a property, declare the parties beneficial shares in the property, and make orders by way of an account/compensatory orders.

What is section 11 of the Trusts of Land and Appointment of Trustees Act 1996?

Section 11(2)(a) of Trusts of Land and Appointment of Trustees Act 1996 permits the obligation of trustees to consult with beneficiaries to be excluded by the trust instrument or Will. This section is commonly excluded. To view our latest legal guidance content, sign-in to Lexis®PSL or register for a free trial.

Why was Tolata created?

TLATA 1996 was introduced to address the problems which arose in separation cases when partners disagreed as to when to sell a property. The issue arose because part of the Law of Property Act 1925, dealing with trusts made it hard to establish a trust without it being covered by the Settled Land Act 1925.

Why was Tolata introduced?

TLATA 1996 was introduced to address the problems which arose in separation cases when partners disagreed as to when to sell a property. This often led to spouses and children becoming homeless. Under this Act, co-owners of property were considered to have beneficial interests in the proceeds of sale, not in the land.

What is a beneficiary in land law?

A beneficiary is a person who will receive a benefit or gift from the person who died. This will be decided by either the Will of the deceased or if there is no Will under the Intestacy Rules.

What is a proprietary estoppel claim?

Proprietary estoppel is a claim where a party claims a right to land belonging to another party, in circumstances where the claimant has been led to believe, by a promise (by words or conduct) by the other party, that they have or can expect to be given an interest in the land.

Is proprietary estoppel a cause of action?

Proprietary estoppel is a flexible and useful cause of action. Instances of parties claiming entitlement to equitable relief by way of proprietary estoppel have increased markedly in the last few years.

What are the limitations of Tolata?

Limitations. ToLATA limits a court to deciding on co-ownership of property. It does not give the court the power to vary that co-ownership, and adjust the proportions that each person owns. Alternatives to court – A dispute Ressolution Solicitors’ View

What happens if I successful on a Tolata claim?

If successful on a claim under TOLATA (where actual financial contribution to the property can be evidenced) the Court will seek to provide you with an equivalent interest in the property relative to your contribution vs the value of the property.

How to resolve disputes about land under Tolata?

There are three main types of application that can be made under ToLATA to resolve disputes about land. i) To order a sale of the property, enabling an owner to realise their financial interest, ii) to decide the nature and extent of the ownership of a property owned by two or more people.

What is the purpose of a Tolata?

Taken together, these applications permit a court to decide who are the legal and beneficial owners of a property, and in what proportions. There are complementary powers in ToLATA that allow a court to direct the owner of land to behave in a certain way.