## How long should radials be for a vertical antenna?

Increasing the number and length of radials will increase the antenna system’s SWR but this isn’t necessarily a problem provided your rig can cope. Elevated radials should be electrically 0.25l long. Elevated radials should be at least 0.05l above ground and, for safety reasons, not less than 2m high.

## How many radials do I need for vertical antenna?

Butternut recommends a minimum of 30-60 radials at 65 feet each. Hy-Gain suggests numbers based on a chart similar to Table 1 below. It’s obvious there isn’t a consensus among vertical antenna makers. If you need a number to start, twenty 32-foot radials will give you a workable system with most vertical antennas.

What is the purpose of radials on vertical antenna?

The radials at the antenna base provide a proper ground plane for the types of radio antennas used for long wavelengths. These electrically “short” antennas require grounding or earthing wires to function well.

### What kind of wire do you use for ground radials?

There are several ways to install your ground radials. Best wire to use is copper, of course because of its conductivity and resistance to corrosion. Typical 14 gage or 12 gauge house wire with the insulation left on his perfectly satisfactory. Any wire gauge 20 and above will be satisfactory.

### What does a ground plane do for a CB base antenna and how it works?

A ground plane for a CB radio antenna is the metal surface required below the antenna. In mobile applications, the vehicle body/frame acts as the ground plane (reflective unit). The metal surface enables the signal generated when transmitting to reflect off the surface and travel into the atmosphere.

What is the maximum number of radials for a vertical antenna?

Optimum number and length of radials for a vertical antenna on 40 meters (7.15 MHz) operating over very good soil (conductivity = 0.0303 Siemens/meter and relative permittivity = 20). Total Wire Optimum Number Optimum Length Peak Gain Length (ft) of Radials of Radials (ft) (dBi) 125 12 10.42 0.85 250 17 – 20 14.71 – 12.50 1.04

#### What is the advantage of a radial antenna?

With one radial the antenna is no longer omnidirectional, the side with no radial is down by 4 d, that energy now appears at high elevation angles on the radial side and can be advantageous for close in contacts (0 to 400 miles). Once you elevate a vertical, two.25 wl radials work very well.

#### What is the impedance of a vertical antenna over perfect ground?

As more radials are added the impedance of the antenna drops, over perfect ground a vertical is 36 ohms. If you put up a vertical with a poor radial system you usually get a good match because the ground LOSS adds to the 36 ohms to get you at or near 50 ohms, but with a big drop in signal strength.

How many radials do I need for a 40m vertical?

Say you have 500-feet of wire to use for radials for your new 40m vertical. A quarter-wave is about 33-feet, so you get three radials per hundred feet of wire or fifteen radials for the 500-foot roll. Fifteen radials is a decent number, but would eight 66-foot radials be better?