How does interferon alpha work in CML?
Interferons are a family of substances naturally made by our immune system (CML). Interferon-alpha is a man-made drug that acts like the substance our immune system naturally produces. It reduces the growth and division of leukemia cells.
What is interferon beta-1a used for?
Interferon beta-1a injection is used to treat the relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (MS), including clinically isolated syndrome, relapsing-remitting disease, and active secondary progressive disease.
Is interferon beta-1a an immunosuppressant?
IFNbeta-1a injections induce systemic and intrathecal immunosuppressive cytokines. Myelin-specific T cells treated with IFNbeta-1a demonstrate increased immunosuppressive cytokine expression and reduced encephalitogenicity.
What is the difference between interferon 1a and 1b?
Interferon beta-1a (also interferon beta 1-alpha) is a cytokine in the interferon family used to treat multiple sclerosis (MS). It is produced by mammalian cells, while interferon beta-1b is produced in modified E. coli.
What does interferon therapy do?
What are the benefits? Interferons are man-made versions of proteins your body makes. These drugs work with your immune system to help it find and attack viruses and cancer. They can stop virus and cancer cells from growing and spreading, and prevent other cells from getting infected.
How does interferon beta-1a help MS?
Beta interferons have been shown to slow down activity and disease progression in multiple sclerosis. They do this by helping regulate the immune system, reducing attacks on myelin or nerves.
How is interferon beta-1a given?
Interferon beta-1a subcutaneous injection comes as a solution (liquid) in a prefilled syringe or a prefilled automatic injection device to inject subcutaneously (under the skin). It is usually injected three times a week.
Is Chemotherapy an interferon?
Interferon-alfa2b is different than a chemotherapy drug; it is actually a natural part of your body’s immune system. It is known as a cytokine, which are chemicals normally secreted by cells called leukocytes in response to a virus, bacteria, or other foreign intruders.
Why is PEG added to interferon?
Conjugation of the polymer polyethylene glycol (PEG) to IFN extends half-life in comparison to conventional IFN and thereby increases antiviral activity. It allows once-weekly dosing and increases sustained response rates without changing the safety profile.
How is interferon used to treat CML?
Interferon was once the best treatment for CML, but now, the tyrosine kinase inhibitors are the mainstay of treatment and interferon is rarely used. To treat CML, this drug is most often given as a daily injection (shot) under the skin. It may also be injected into a muscle or vein.
How does interferon beta-1a work?
Interferon beta-1a is in a class of medications called immunomodulators. It works by decreasing inflammation and preventing nerve damage that may cause symptoms of multiple sclerosis. How should this medicine be used? Interferon beta-1a intramuscular injection comes as a powder in vials to be mixed into a solution for injection.
What type of interferon is used to treat leukemia?
Interferon-alpha is the type most often used in treating chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Interferon was once the best treatment for CML, but now, the tyrosine kinase inhibitors are the mainstay of treatment and interferon is rarely used.
What is interinterferon beta-1a intramuscular injection?
Interferon beta-1a intramuscular injection is used to treat adults with various forms of multiple sclerosis (MS; a disease in which the nerves do not function properly and people may experience weakness, numbness, loss of muscle coordination, and problems with vision, speech, and bladder control) including: