What was Adolf Loos known for?
Adolf Loos (December 10, 1870–August 23, 1933) was a European architect who became more famous for his ideas and writings than for his buildings. He believed that reason should determine the way we build, and he opposed the decorative Art Nouveau movement, or, as it was known in Europe, Jugendstil.
When was the looshaus completed?
When it was completed in 1911, the Goldman & Salatsch Building in Vienna, commonly known as the Looshaus, incited controversy for its austerity and plainness.
Where is Adolf Loos from?
Adolf Loos/Place of birth
Who said crime ornament?
“Absence of ornament has brought the other arts to unsuspected heights,” proclaimed Adolf Loos in his 1908 essay and lecture “Ornament and Crime.” The quote precedes the hundreds of photographs of modernist homes compiled in the new book Ornament is Crime: Modernist Architecture by Matt Gibberd and Albert Hill.
Why did Adolf Loos hate ornament?
Loos never argued for the complete absence of ornamentation, but believed that it had to be appropriate to the type of material. Loos concluded that “No ornament can any longer be made today by anyone who lives on our cultural level …
What is Raumplan Adolf?
Loos became a pioneer of modern architecture and contributed a body of theory and criticism of Modernism in architecture and design and developed the “Raumplan” (literally spatial plan) method of arranging interior spaces, exemplified in Villa Müller in Prague.
Who influenced Adolf Loos?
Adolf was particularly interested in the works of the classicist Schinkel and the works of Vitruvius. A major influence on him was a three-year visit to America which began in 1893. He did not practice architecture there, but observed America’s new efficiency with its growing industries.
What did Adolf Loos believe?
Adolf Loos (December 10, 1870 in Brno, Moravia – August 8, 1933 in Vienna, Austria) was an early-twentieth century Viennese architect. He believed that what is beautiful must also be useful, and linked beauty and utility by returning an object to its true utilitarian value.
Why does Loos call ornament a crime?
In the essay, Loos explains his philosophy, describing how ornamentation can have the effect of causing objects to go out of style and thus become obsolete. It struck him that it was a crime to waste the effort needed to add ornamentation, when the ornamentation would cause the object to soon go out of style.
What is Raumplan theory?
Raumplan is a design of spaces. Three dimensional way of thinking about a building, which allows precisely these immense experiences. Every space has different needs and different height requirement. We can bring the space to a minimum where there is no need for it in order to waste it where we want to.
What is a free plan in architecture?
Free plan, in the architecture world, refers to the ability to have a floor plan with non-load bearing walls and floors by creating a structural system that holds the weight of the building by ways of an interior skeleton of load bearing columns.
Who was Adolf Loos and what did he contribute to the development of modern design?
Adolf Loos (December 10, 1870 – August 23, 1933) was one of the most influential European architects of the late 19th century and is often noted for his literary discourse that foreshadowed the foundations of the entire modernist movement.
Where is the Looshaus located?
The Looshaus is a building in Vienna designed by Adolf Loos, regarded as one of the central buildings of Viennese Modernism. It marks the departure from historicism, but also from the floral decor of Secession. It is at the address Michaelerplatz 3, opposite the Michaelertrakt of the Hofburg .
Where is Adolf Loos located?
Adolf Loos Vienna. With Landhaus Khuner, now simply called Looshaus, Loos managed to redefine romantic Alpine architecture for the 20th century. Half Swiss cottage, half Vienna Woods villa, the country house is located 70 km south of Vienna close to Payerbach.
What lies inside the Loos house?
Rooftop statues strike poses to announce what lies inside. In contrast, the gray marble pillars and plain windows on the Loos House said nothing. In 1912, when the building was completed, it was a tailor shop. But there were no symbols or sculptures to suggest clothing or commerce.
What style of architecture did Loos create?
When Loos returned to Vienna, he brought with him new modernity in both style and construction. Along with the architecture of Otto Wagner (1841-1918), Loos ushered in what became known as Vienna Moderne (Viennese Modern or Wiener Moderne). The palace people were not happy.