What is the Te Kohanga Reo movement?

Kohanga reo is a movement which can and has moved government into a legitimation crisis. It is a movement of Maori people who believe in the rightness of the culture, the language, traditions, and values.

Who was involved in the kohanga reo movement?

Jean Puketapu and Dame Iritana Tawhiwhirangi were among those who spearheaded the kohanga reo movement, which placed an emphasis on a total Maori-language immersion setting.

Who opened the first kohanga reo?

Jean Puketapu and Iritana Tawhiwhirangi were among the early leaders when the first kōhanga reo was founded in Wainuiomata in 1982.

How many kohanga reo are there in NZ?

444 kōhanga reo
The 2019 ECE Census counted 444 kōhanga reo in New Zealand, representing about 10 per cent of all children in early childhood education. Kōhanga reo is the highest employer of Māori people in any early childhood service. Kōhanga reo also has hundreds of akonga (students) in training courses.

What makes Kohanga Reo unique?

The kōhanga reo movement is a unique initiative based on total immersion in Māori language and values with the aim of passing on Māori culture to future generations. Kōhanga reo emphasise the revitalisation of the culture through te reo Māori and are dependent on the active participation of the whole whānau.

When did Māori become an official NZ language?

Māori was made an official language of New Zealand under the Maori Language Act 1987. There are now many institutions, most set up since the 1980s, working to recover te reo.

What was the name of the Māori language revitalization program?

The Māori immersion program is a successful model of language revitalization. Indigenous peoples around the world look to Māori for inspiration, leadership and guidance. The revival began in the 1970s, as part of a broader movement for recognition of Māori sovereignty.

When did the Kohanga Reo movement start?

Early in 1982, the Department of Maori Affairs established a pilot Kohanga Reo in a suburban area of Wellington. “The Te Kohanga Reo programme is designed to stimulate growth of Maori whanau centres that offer the best child care in an environment of Maoritanga where Maori is the language.”

What is the native language in New Zealand?

EnglishNew Zealand Sign Language
New Zealand/Official languages

Why is kohanga reo unique?

Do you have to be Māori to go to kohanga reo?

This means that the only language spoken at Kohanga Reo is Maori. Kohanga reo is a whanau (family) dependent programme, parents and whanau are closely involved with children’s’ development and learning. They are also responsible for the management, operation and everyday decision making for the Kohanga Reo.

What was the life expectancy of Māori prior to European contact?

In pre-European times, Māori were tall and muscular, even by today’s standards. Their average life expectancy of around 28–30 years seems low.

Is Te Kōhanga Reo a women’s movement?

As the 1988 Government Review of Te Kōhanga Reo pointed out, ‘The great majority of people working in the kōhanga reo movement are women … this should be a matter of concern for Māori people, when the kōhanga reo kaupapa stresses the importance of whānau – men and women, young and old.’

What is Te Kōhanga Reo National Trust?

Te Kōhanga Reo National Trust was established to act as trustee of the kaupapa of Te Kōhanga Reo, acting on behalf of the people. 83 Kōhanga Reo established through whānau Māori commitment

What is the Waiwhetū kōhanga?

Set up in 1982, the Waiwhetū kōhanga was one of the first in the country. Archives New Zealand – Te Rua Mahara o te Kāwanatanga Reference: AAMK W3495 Box 31 31G. Enabling the adults involved to extend their language and cultural learning, and develop other needed skills such as administration and management, was a major aspect of the movement.

What is kindkohanga Reo?

Kohanga Reo was one initiative that started from this. The apparent demise of the Māori Language, a growing concern causes alarm and urgent consideration. Convened by the Department of Māori Affairs, affirmed the importance of the language for mana māori.