What is the history of architecture in the Philippines?

Architecture in the Philippines today is the result of a natural growth enriched with the absorption of varied influences. It developed from the pre-colonial influences of our neighboring Malay brothers, continuing on to the Spanish colonial period, the American Commonwealth period, and the modern contemporary times.

What was the first architectural design of the Philippines?

The earliest records of pre-colonial architecture in the Philippines are rock shelters and caves in Palawan. Early Filipinos are nomadic since they are constantly in search for food through hunting or fishing so they mainly rely on nature when creating shelter and do not need to build permanent structures.

What is the Philippine architecture?

The architecture of the classical period of the Philippines is based on vernacular architecture for most of its centuries and Islamic architecture in some coastal areas at the south, plus the interior of Lanao, after the 13th century. The bahay kubo is the term for huts built out of nipa.

What makes the Philippine architecture unique?

While Filipino architecture is a result of varied influences from other countries, the country also has its distinct architectural design. The windows of the nipa house bungalow design Philippines then were huge and made of capiz shells, allowing natural lighting and ventilation to enter the house.

Who brought architecture in the Philippines?

During three hundred thirty years of the colonization of Spain Spanish colonialization, the Philippine architecture was dominated by the Spanish influences. The Augustinian friars, along with other religious orders, built a large number of grand churches and cathedrals all over the Philippine Islands.

How did architecture in the Philippines flourished?

What is traditional architectural style?

Traditional architecture is mainly classified as historical houses that features many character and culture embedded to them to give them a unique appearance. Modern architecture has a simple structure that makes its construction easy so that it can be finished in time.

What is the famous architecture in the Philippines?

San Agustin Church, Manila Located in the historic Intramuros or Walled City in Manila, this massive stone building is the oldest and one of the most iconic religious buildings in the Philippines.

What is the oldest landmark in the Philippines?

17th century

Building Location First Built
San Agustin Church Intramuros 1607
San Pedro Macati Church Makati 1620
Nuestra Señora de Gracia Church Makati 1629
Jesús de la Peña Chapel Marikina 1630

What is modern Philippine architecture?

Mañosa’s distinctive style, known as Contemporary Tropical Filipino Architecture, is a heady mixture of seemingly incongruous elements. Coconut lumber, rattan, shell, thatch, and even indigenous textiles are juxtaposed with hypermodern materials: metal, glass, concrete.

How did the architecture in the Philippines flourished?

How is the history and culture of the Philippines reflected in architecture?

The history and culture of the Philippines are reflected in its architectural heritage, in the dwellings of its various peoples, in churches and mosques, and in the buildings that have risen in response to the demands of progress and the aspirations of the people.

Who is the architect of the capital of the Philippines?

Taft, who later became the Philippines’ first civilian Governor-General, [1] decided that Manila, the capital, should be a planned town. He hired as his architect and city planner Daniel Hudson ARCH.

What are the different types of houses in precolonial Philippines?

Precolonial Philippines Mainly consisted of Nipa Huts from natural materials however there is evidence to support claims of large scale constructions. 3. BALANGAY 4. APAYAO HOUSE 5. BADJAO HOUSE 6. BAHAY KUBO 7. BONTOC HOUSE 8. IFUGAO HOUSE 9. IVATAN THATCH HOUSE 10. KALINGA HOUSE 11. KANKANAY AND IBALOI HOUSE 12. SAGADA HOUSE 13. SAMAL HOUSE 14.

What happened to the architecture of Manila after WW2?

During the liberation of Manila by the Americans in 1945 large portions of Intramurous and Manila were destroyed. In the period after the second world war many of the destroyed buildings were rebuilt. At the end of the twentieth century modern architecture with straight lines and functional aspects was introduced.