What is the geography like in the Middle East?

The Middle East region represents an area of over 5.0 million square miles. The physical geography of the Middle East is varied. Vast deserts are common in the region. The Sahara Desert runs across North Africa, essentially limiting settlement to along the Mediterranean coastline and in Egypt along the Nile River.

What are the 3 main biomes in the Middle East?


  • Population: 368,927,551 (Source: Estimate from population of countries included)
  • Area: 2,742,000 square miles.
  • Major Biomes: desert, grasslands.
  • Major cities:
  • Bordering Bodies of Water: Mediterranean Sea, Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea, Persian Gulf, Caspian Sea, Black Sea, Indian Ocean.

Why is the Middle East a geographical concept?

The Middle East is a geographical region that has been of great importance in history since ancient times. Strategically located, it is a natural land bridge connecting the continents of Asia, Africa, and Europe. In recent times its enormous deposits of oil have made the Middle East more important than ever.

What are the four major landforms of the Middle East?


  • Anatolian Plateau.
  • An-Nafud Desert.
  • Asir & Hejaz Mountains.
  • Caucasus Mountains.
  • Dasht-e Kavir (Kavir Desert)
  • Dasht-e Lut (Lut Desert)
  • Elburz Mountains.
  • Hadramawt Mountains.

What landscapes are found in the Middle East?

  • Anatolian Plateau: This generally barren and arid plateau of central Turkey averages about 500 meters in elevation.
  • An Nafud Desert:
  • Ar Rub’ Al Khali Desert:
  • Arabian Desert:
  • Asir & Hejaz Mountains:
  • Caucasus Mountains:
  • Dash e -Lut:
  • Dash e -Kavir:

What are the two most mountainous countries in the Middle East?

Middle East Country High Points

Rank Country Range (Level 2)
1. Iran Iranian Plateau
2. Turkey Anatolia
3. Yemen Arabian Peninsula
4. Iraq Zagros Mountains

How many countries are there in Middle East?

Middle East includes 18 countries. These are Bahrain, Cyprus, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen.

Is India part of the Middle East?

It usually includes the Arab countries from Egypt east to the Persian Gulf, plus Israel and Iran. Turkey is sometimes considered part of the Middle East, sometimes part of Europe. Sometimes the Middle East includes North Africa as well. Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh are usually described as South Asia.

What are 3 deserts in the Middle East?

And it’s true – most Middle Eastern and North African countries are arid and contain or are surrounded by, large desert regions….List of deserts:

  • The Sahara Desert.
  • The Arabian Desert.
  • The Sinai Desert.
  • The Libyan Desert.
  • The Nubian Desert.

What type of climate does the Middle East have?

The basic climate of the Middle East can be characterized in two words: hot and dry, although winters are mild with some rain. The exception is the mountains, where desert turns to steppe in northern Iraq, northern Iran and eastern Turkey. Winters here can be severe.

Which is the eastern most country in the world?

Instead for the number of countries, namely Russia, New Zealand, Fiji, the United States, and Kiribati, which have territory on both sides of the 180th meridian, the given easternmost point of the country is the easternmost point in the direction of travel.

What countries are considered Eastern European?

Russia. Russia is Eastern Europe’s largest and easternmost country.

  • Czech Republic. The Czech Republic,once joined with Slovakia,is an East Central European nation that is home to one of the region’s most popular destinations,Prague .
  • Poland.
  • Croatia.
  • Slovakia.
  • Hungary.
  • Romania and Moldova.
  • Moldova.
  • Serbia.
  • Lithuania,Latvia,and Estonia.
  • Where is Eastern Europe and what countries are in it?

    The map of Eastern Europe shows the countries that are located in the Eastern part of Europe. The Eastern European countries include Russia, Ukraine, Moldova , Poland, Bulgaria , Belarus, Czech Republic, Hungary and Republic of Moldova. Description : Eastern Europe map showing the political boundaries of countries which are the part of eastern Europe.

    Which are the Far East countries?


  • Bangladesh
  • Bhutan
  • Brunei (Darussalam)
  • Cambodia
  • East Timor (included with Indonesia)
  • East and West Pakistan
  • Federation of Malaya-Singapore
  • Hong Kong
  • India