What is the Fontainebleau style of decoration?

MASTERS of the Fontainebleau School. Fontainebleau is a royal palace of Francis I. The Galerie François I (1533-40) introduces the so-called “Fontainebleau style” of interior decoration, a combination of sculpture, metalwork, painting, stucco and woodwork.

What is the significance of Fontainebleau for French art?

In French painting, the term “Fontainebleau School” (Ecole de Fontainebleau) describes the Mannerist painting and decorative sculpture, as well as the Italianate architecture, produced for the French court – under the patronage of Francis I (1494-1547) and his successors – at the royal Chateau of Fontainebleau (c.

What was the L’Ecole de Fontainebleau?

The School of Fontainbleau (French: École de Fontainebleau) (c. 1530 – c. 1610) refers to two periods of artistic production in France during the late Renaissance centered on the royal Palace of Fontainebleau that were crucial in forming the Northern Mannerism.

Who created the school of Fontainebleau?

Style of architectural decoration at the French Royal Château created by Italian (notably Rosso Fiorentino (1495–1540), Francesco Primaticcio (1504/5–70), Serlio, and Vignola), French, and Flemish artists for François I er from 1528 to 1558.

What is Dutch Mannerism?

Dutch Mannerism: Goltzius and His Contemporaries The word ‘Mannerism’ derives from the Italian maniera and this style of art is usually associated with Italian painting, sculpture and architecture of the period between the High Renaissance and the Baroque.

Why was Fontainebleau built?

The historic Château de Fontainebleau was first built in the twelfth century as a hunting lodge for the French kings, but fell into disrepair by the fifteenth century. In the sixteenth century King Francois I orchestrated its restoration and it was transformed into the castle we know today.

How many phases did the Italian Renaissance have?

The development of Italian Renaissance art can be broken down into four distinct stages – the Proto Renaissance, the Early Renaissance, the High Renaissance and the Venetian Renaissance.

Where is the school of Fontainebleau?

Fontainebleau, town, Seine-et-Marne département, Île-de-France région, northern France, 40 miles (65 km) south-southeast of Paris by road.

What is an Antwerp painter?

Antwerp Mannerism is the name given to the style of a group of largely anonymous painters active in the Southern Netherlands and principally in Antwerp in roughly the first three decades of the 16th century, a movement marking the tail end of Early Netherlandish painting, and an early phase within Dutch and Flemish …

Who is the prevalent artist of Mannerism?

Mannerism originated as a reaction to the harmonious classicism and the idealized naturalism of High Renaissance art as practiced by Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, and Raphael in the first two decades of the 16th century.

What is the School of Fontainbleau?

The School of Fontainbleau ( French: École de Fontainebleau) (c.1530 – c.1610) refers to two periods of artistic production in France during the late Renaissance centered on the royal Palace of Fontainebleau that were crucial in forming the French version of Northern Mannerism .

Where did the Fontainebleau paintings come from?

The paintings of the group were reproduced in prints, mostly etchings, which were apparently produced initially at Fontainebleau itself, and later in Paris. These disseminated the style through France and beyond, and also record several paintings that have not survived.

Where is the palace of Fontainebleau in France?

Location of Palace of Fontainebleau in France. The Palace of Fontainebleau (/fɒntɪnˌbloʊ/; French pronunciation: ​[fɔ̃tɛnblo]) or Château de Fontainebleau, located 55 kilometres (34 miles) southeast of the center of Paris, in the commune of Fontainebleau, is one of the largest French royal châteaux.

What kind of ink is used in Fontainebleau prints?

The earliest impressions of all the Fontainebleau prints are in brown ink, and their intention seems to have been essentially reproductive. The Enlightenment of Francois I by Rosso Fiorentino, and its surround in the Gallery of Francois I in the palace. A preparatory drawing is copied in the print above.