What is the floorplan of a Gothic cathedral?
Floor Plan. Large Gothic churches were built according to a basilica floor plan, which was originally designed by ancient Romans as an administrative center and which early Christians adopted during the Roman Empire. The Roman basilica was a rectangular building with a large, open central area known as the nave.
What are the 3 structural components of the Gothic cathedral?
Medieval master masons used three architectural devices to create the Gothic style: the pointed arch, the ribbed vault, and the flying buttress.
How were Gothic cathedrals constructed?
The walls and pillars, timber scaffolding and roof were built first. Once the roof was in place, and the walls were reinforced with buttresses, the construction of the vaults could begin. One of the most complex steps was the construction of the rib vaults, which covered the nave and choir.
What is the interior of a cathedral called?
The typical cathedral contains a narthex at the entrance, three aisles with the central being the nave, a transept that gives the church its cross shape, an open choir where the nave and transept meet, and an apse at the far end of the nave, containing the altar.
What is the main room of a cathedral called?
Nave: The primary area of public observance of the Mass. It is generally the largest space, and located between the narthex and sanctuary.
What do Gothic cathedrals look like?
As a style that spanned such a long time in history, Gothic architecture does of course have a number of different manifestations. It does have some clear characteristics. These are large stained glass windows, ribbed vaults, flying buttresses, ornate embellishments and pointed arches.
What are a few ideals of the Gothic style in church architecture?
The important single feature of Gothic architecture is the pointed arch, which is the main difference from Romanesque architecture which had rounded arches. Other important features are the ribbed vault, flying buttress, and windows with patterns of stone lace called tracery.
How medieval cathedrals were built?
While foundations were being laid, skilled craftsmen worked in quarries and produced blocks of stone that would be used in the building process. It would not be unusual for as many as fifty advanced skilled apprentices to work in a quarry along with 250 labourers. They would be supervised by a master quarryman.
What type of building is the cathedral?
A cathedral is a church that contains the cathedra (Latin for ‘seat’) of a bishop, thus serving as the central church of a diocese, conference, or episcopate.