What is the chemical composition of cytoplasm?

Cytoplasm chemically is composed of proteins, lipoids (which include fatty, phospholipid, and steroidal compounds), carbohydrates, mineral salts, and, of course, a good deal of water (in most cells more than 90%).

What is the composition of bacterial cell membrane?

Bacterial membranes are composed of 40 percent phospholipid and 60 percent protein. The phospholipids are amphiphilic molecules with a polar hydrophilic glycerol “head” attached via an ester bond to two nonpolar hydrophobic fatty acid tails, which naturally form a bilayer in aqueous environments.

What is the composition of chloroplast?

Chloroplasts (Fig. 8) are semiautonomous organelles of plant cells. In most higher plants, they have the shape of a circular or elongated lens and a diameter of approximately 3–10 μm. Chloroplasts consist of the outer and inner boundary membrane, a plasmatic matrix (stroma), and an internal membrane system (thylakoid).

Why is it important for the cytoplasm to be composed of mostly water for the cell membrane to form properly?

The cytoplasm needs to be composed mostly of water for the cell membrane to form properly because the fatty tails of the phospholipids must interact with each other and form a barrier rather than interacting with each other and their surroundings.

What are the 5 major components of cytoplasm?


  • Nucleolus.
  • Nucleus.
  • Ribosome (dots as part of 5)
  • Vesicle.
  • Rough endoplasmic reticulum.
  • Golgi apparatus (or, Golgi body)
  • Cytoskeleton.
  • Smooth endoplasmic reticulum.

What is cytoplasm in bacterial cell?

Cytoplasm or protoplasm of a bacterial cell is a gel like matrix composed of 80% water, enzymes, nutrients, wastes, gases, inorganic ions, and many low molecular weight compounds and cell structures such as ribosomes, chromosomes (nucleoid), and plasmids.

What is cytoplasmic membrane in bacteria?

The bacterial cytoplasmic membrane is a fluid phospholipid bilayer that encloses the bacterial cytoplasm. The cytoplasmic membrane is semipermeable and determines what molecules enter and leave the bacterial cell.

What is the function of a cytoplasm?

The cytoplasm is the gel-like fluid inside the cell. It is the medium for chemical reaction. It provides a platform upon which other organelles can operate within the cell. All of the functions for cell expansion, growth and replication are carried out in the cytoplasm of a cell.

What is formula of chlorophyll?

C₅₅H₇₂O₅N₄MgChlorophyll a / Formula

Why is it important for the cytoplasm to be composed of mostly water for the cell membrane to form properly quizlet?

What are the components of cytoplasm of bacteria?

The following points highlight the six main components of cytoplasm of bacteria. The components are: 1. Ribosomes 2. Molecular Chaperones 3. Nucleoids 4. Plasmids 5. Cytoplasmic Inclusions 6.

Are bacteria cytoplasmic or periplasmic?

But bacteria can be more complex, with a variety of additional internal components to be found that can contribute to their capabilities. Most of these components are cytoplasmic but some of them are periplasmic, located in the space between the cytoplasmic and outer membrane in gram negative bacteria.

What is the jelly-like fluid of the cytoplasm composed of?

The jelly-like fluid of the cytoplasm is composed of salt and water and is present within the membrane of the cells and embeds all of the parts of the cells and organelles. The cytoplasm is home for many activities of the cell as it contains molecules, enzymes that are crucial in the break down of the waste.

What are cytoplasmic granules?

Cytoplasmic granules is a general term referring to many types of cytoplasmic inclusion granules. They are an intracytoplasmic (inside the cytoplasm of a cell) form of storing nutrients and energy and include molecules such as polysaccharides, lipids, phosphates, etc. They are not essential or permanent structures in cells.