What is cellular network architecture?

Cellular architecture is constituted of the following − A network of cells each with a base station. A packet switched network for communication between the base stations and mobile switching centers. The public switched telephone network to connect subscribers to the wider telephony network.

What are the initial elements of mobile network architecture?

The GSM network can be divided into three parts: The Mobile Station (MS), carried by the subscriber; the radio link, controlled by the Base Station Subsystem (BSS) with the mobile station; the Mobile services Switching Center (MSC).

How are mobile networks built?

A mobile network is built on three active parts that correlate; the mobile phone you call with, the base station for communication, and a call PBX to connect calls. In your mobile phone you dial the number you want to call. The mobile phone contacts the base station with the specific number.

Which part of architecture is the heart of cellular network?

Mobile Switching Center (MSC) – The MSC is the heart of the GSM network. It handles call routing, call setup, and basic switching functions.

What is GSM and its architecture?

GSM is an open and digital cellular technology used for mobile communication. It uses 4 different frequency bands of 850 MHz, 900 MHz, 1800 MHz and 1900 MHz . It uses the combination of FDMA and TDMA. This article includes all the concepts of GSM architecture and how it works.

What are the main network elements of GSM system?

The GSM network is divided into three major systems: the switching system (SS), the base station system (BSS), and the operation and support system (OSS). The basic GSM network elements are shown in Figure 2. The switching system (SS) is responsible for performing call processing and subscriber-related functions.

What are the components of a mobile network?

There are four main components of a mobile network that work together to provide service to mobile carriers.

  • Public Switched Telephone Network.
  • Mobile Telephone Switching Office.
  • Cell Sites.
  • Mobile Subscriber Unit.

How do cellular networks work?

Very simply, a mobile phone network is made-up of a large number of geographic areas called ‘cells’. Within these cells are mobile base stations which send and receive radio signals to and from mobile handsets located in those cells to enable their users to connect to the internet and make calls.

What are the types of cellular network?

Cellular Network Types

  • GSM Cellular Network.
  • GPRS Cellular Network.
  • CDMA Cellular Network.
  • MOBITEX Cellular Network.
  • EDGE Cellular Network.

What are the three main parts of GSM architecture?

The GSM architecture consists of three major interconnected subsystems that interact with themselves and with users through certain network interface. The subsystems are Base Station Subsystem (BSS), Network Switching Subsystem (NSS) and Operational Support Subsystem (OSS).

What are the three main parts of GSM architecture of structure?

GSM – Architecture

  • The Mobile Station (MS)
  • The Base Station Subsystem (BSS)
  • The Network Switching Subsystem (NSS)
  • The Operation Support Subsystem (OSS)