What happens when potassium levels are high?
Hyperkalemia occurs when potassium levels in your blood get too high. Potassium is an essential nutrient found in foods. This nutrient helps your nerves and muscles function. But too much potassium in your blood can damage your heart and cause a heart attack.
What causes potassium levels to be high?
The leading causes of hyperkalemia are chronic kidney disease, uncontrolled diabetes, dehydration, having had severe bleeding, consuming excessive dietary potassium, and some medications. A doctor will typically diagnose hyperkalemia when levels of potassium are between 5.0–5.5 milliequivalents per liter (mEq/l).
What is a dangerous level of potassium?
Potassium is a chemical that is critical to the function of nerve and muscle cells, including those in your heart. Your blood potassium level is normally 3.6 to 5.2 millimoles per liter (mmol/L). Having a blood potassium level higher than 6.0 mmol/L can be dangerous and usually requires immediate treatment.
What foods can lower potassium levels?
Some low potassium options include:
- rice milk.
- herbal tea.
- sparkling water.
- cakes and pies without chocolate or fruits high in potassium.
- cookies without chocolate or nuts.
Which drugs cause high potassium?
Which medications can raise potassium levels?
- ARBs (angiotensin II receptor blockers).
- ACE (angiotensin converting enzyme) inhibitors.
- NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs).
- Cyclosporine and tacrolimus.
- Propranolol and labetalol.
What medications reduce potassium?
Some medications lower potassium slowly, including:
- Water pills (diuretics), which rid the body of extra fluids and remove potassium through urine.
- Sodium bicarbonate, which temporarily shifts potassium into body cells.
- Albuterol, which raises blood insulin levels and shifts potassium into body cells.
How can I lower my potassium?
Home remedies for reducing potassium
- Reduce your potassium intake. One of the easiest ways to lower your potassium levels naturally is to reduce the amount of potassium in your diet.
- Check your salt substitutes. Some salt substitutes are also high in potassium.
- Drink more water.
- Avoid certain herbs.
What are the side effects of eating too much potassium?
Side Effects of Hyperkalemia. Blood potassium levels are detected through a routine blood test.
What is elevated potassium a sign of?
High potassium level. High potassium level is a problem in which the amount of potassium in the blood is higher than normal. The medical name of this condition is hyperkalemia.