What happens in the lactic acid fermentation that results in kimchi?

The process that turns vegetable to kimchi is called “Lacto-fermentation” – a transformation process by Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB). The bacteria metabolizes carbohydrates (such as sugar) in vegetables into lactic acid, which gives fermented foods their sour flavour and increases their acidity, making them safe to eat.

How much lactic acid is in kimchi?

Optimum salt concentration during kimchi fermentation is approximately 3 percent. Lower temperatures (about 10°C) are preferred to temperatures above 20°C. Optimum acidity of kimchi is 0.4 to 0.8 percent lactic acid with a pH between 4.2 and 4.5; higher acidity makes it unacceptable.

What triggers fermentation in kimchi?

The bacteria that conduct the fermentation process in kimchi are called lactic acid bacteria (called Lactobacillus). These bacteria are called lactic acid bacteria because, as mentioned above, they convert the sugars in cabbage into lactic acid.

Do fermented foods have lactic acid?

Fermented foods are a known source of lactic acid bacteria. A high-throughput sequencing analysis of food and human metagenomes proves that fermented foods are a source of lactic acid bacteria for the gut microbiome, and that abundance is shaped by both age and lifestyle.

Where does lactic acid bacteria come from in kimchi?

According to the analysis, the fermentation was carried out by lactic acid bacteria indigenous to kimchi cabbage and garlic, not by microorganisms derived from ginger and red pepper, among the raw materials for kimchi.

How is lactic acid produced in kimchi?

Lactic acid bacteria are derived from raw ingredients, such as kimchi cabbage, garlic, ginger, and red pepper. It produces various metabolites during fermentation in response to the type of ingredients and storage temperature, and the metabolites determine the flavor and quality of kimchi.

What helps kimchi ferment?

Sugar: Just a dash of sugar is enough to kickstart the fermentation, giving the bacteria something to “feed” on. Carrot or Daikon Radish: Traditional kimchi uses daikon radish for added crunch, though carrot works just as well (use whichever you have access to).

What is lactic acid fermentation?

Lactic acid fermentation is a metabolic process by which glucose or other six-carbon sugars (also, disaccharides of six-carbon sugars, e.g. sucrose or lactose) are converted into cellular energy and the metabolite lactate, which is lactic acid in solution.

Is lactic acid fermentation healthy?

Lacto-fermentation uses lactic acid bacteria to simply and effectively preserve food. Lacto-fermented foods may boost heart and brain health and offer anti-inflammatory, cancer-fighting, immune-boosting, antidiabetic, and anti-obesity benefits.

What is fermenting kimchi?

Kimchi is typically fermented by ‘wild cultures’ naturally present on the vegetables. The formation of organic acids (primarily lactic and acetic acid) results in an optimum kimchi pH of 4.2. Kimchi ferments at room temperature in only 1-2 days or more slowly in the refrigerator.

What makes kimchi ferment?

Baechu , or napa cabbage, kimchi is made by lacto-fermentation, the same process that creates sauerkraut and traditional dill pickles. In the first stage, the cabbage is soaked in a salty brine that kills off harmful bacteria.

How does kimchi fermentation work?

The diffusion of water out of the cells is called osmosis. The movement of water out of the cells causes them to collapse. , lactic acid bacteria, is the actual fermenter. This organism works best in an anaerobic environment, therefore the kimchi fermentation process is done in a closed container.

Can You ferment kimchi in fridge?

Bland kimchi can be fixed easily by adding more salt! Take your kimchi out from your fridge and add more salt and mix it well. Let it sit outside the fridge for a couple of days until it ferments. Then keep it in the fridge.

What is kimchi good for?

Kimchi is a source of healthy lactobacillus bacteria which the body utilizes for its healthy functioning. The fiber content present in it keeps your body full and your hunger satisfied for a longer duration preventing you from overeating.