What causes tympanic membrane perforation?

Infection is the principal cause of tympanic membrane perforation (TMP). Acute infection of the middle ear may cause a relative ischemia in the drum concurrent with increased pressure in the middle ear space. This leads to a tear or rupture of the eardrum that is usually preceded by severe pain.

What happens when tympanic membrane is perforated?

A ruptured eardrum (tympanic membrane perforation) is a hole or tear in the thin tissue that separates your ear canal from your middle ear (eardrum). A ruptured eardrum can result in hearing loss. It can also make your middle ear vulnerable to infections.

How long does it take for tympanic membrane perforation to heal?

A perforated or burst eardrum is a hole in the eardrum. It’ll usually heal within a few weeks and might not need any treatment. But it’s a good idea to see a GP if you think your eardrum has burst, as it can cause problems such as ear infections.

How do they fix a perforated eardrum?

In some cases, your surgeon treats a ruptured eardrum with a procedure called tympanoplasty. Your surgeon grafts a tiny patch of your own tissue to close the hole in the eardrum. Most ruptured (perforated) eardrums heal without treatment within a few weeks.

Can perforated eardrum cause cough?

Seek immediate medical care (call 911) if you have ruptured your eardrum and experience bleeding, pus leakage, and hearing loss. You should also seek immediate medical attention if the perforation is accompanied by flu-like symptoms, including fatigue, fever, sore throat, headache, cough, aches, and pains.

Should I take time off work with a perforated eardrum?

What is the recovery time? Patients will be able to go home after 2-3 hours of the procedure and can remove the head bandage themselves the next day. It is advisable to have 1-2 weeks off work. Your ENT surgeon would usually arrange to see you in 2 weeks to remove any packing material from your ear.

Can a perforated eardrum make you feel unwell?

Nausea. Vomiting. Inflammation of the middle ear (otitis media) With infection, pain.

What does tympanic membrane perforation mean?

tympanic membrane a thin, semitransparent membrane, nearly oval in shape, that stretches across the ear canal and separates the tympanum (middle ear) from the external acoustic meatus (outer ear); called also eardrum. It is composed of fibrous tissue, covered with skin on the outside and mucous membrane on the inside.

What causes tympanic membrane perforation (TMP)?


  • Definition TMP it is a condition of rupture or perforation of the ear drum.
  • Causes • DIRECT FORCE .e.g Caress while removal wax skull fracture max tear TM Hot slag in to the ear
  • Indirect force • Increase in violence and fire arms • barotrauma
  • What is the incidence of tympanic membrane perforation (TMP)?

    Incidence of tympanic membrane perforation (TMP) in the general population is unknown . One survey found that that 4% of a population of Native American children had TMP. [ 7] Another study found that 3% of children treated with ventilation tubes had the condition. [ 8]

    How long will ear bleed after drum ruptures?

    Drainage may require antibiotic ear drops before resolution. how long is the pus drainage from a ruptured ear drum supposed to last? Usually a few days: The drainage from a middle ear infection that causes a ruptured ear drum will typically stop in 4 or 5 days.