What bone disease is defined by low mineral density?

Osteoporosis is a bone disease that develops when bone mineral density and bone mass decreases, or when the quality or structure of bone changes. This can lead to a decrease in bone strength that can increase the risk of fractures (broken bones).

Why is low bone mineral density a concern?

Why should you care if your bone density is low? Low bone density can lead to serious medical conditions that could result in bone fractures. The most worrisome condition is osteoporosis, where low bone density causes holes inside the bone to widen and the outer walls of the bone (the cortex) to thin.

What affects bone mineral density?

Diabetes, obesity, metabolic syndrome, overweight, and quadriceps muscle strength > 30 kg, metabolic syndrome, abdominal obesity and education level were associated with higher bone mineral density and lower prevalence of osteoporosis, whereas age, anemia, inhaled corticosteroids and fracture history were associated …

Can osteoporosis cause loss of balance?

Studies have shown that muscle quality and good posture alignments are critical for balance control in elderly individuals. People with osteoporosis often have muscle weakness and increased spine kyphosis leading to vertebral fractures and poor balance control, or even falls.

What diseases cause low bone density?

6 Medical Conditions Linked to Osteoporosis and Bone Loss

  • Diabetes Mellitus and Osteoporosis. For reasons scientists still don’t fully understand, people with type 1 diabetes tend to have lower bone density.
  • Lupus and Rheumatoid Arthritis.
  • Hyperthyroidism.
  • Celiac Disease.
  • Asthma.
  • Multiple Sclerosis.

What is bone mineral density?

A bone mineral density (BMD) test measures how much calcium and other types of minerals are in an area of your bone. This test helps your health care provider detect osteoporosis and predict your risk for bone fractures.

Why is my bone density so low?

A lifelong lack of calcium plays a role in the development of osteoporosis. Low calcium intake contributes to diminished bone density, early bone loss and an increased risk of fractures. Eating disorders. Severely restricting food intake and being underweight weakens bone in both men and women.

How is low bone mineral density treated?

If you have low bone mass, there are things you can do to help slow down bone loss. These include eating foods rich in calcium and vitamin D and doing weight-bearing exercise such as walking, tennis, or dancing. In some cases, your doctor may prescribe medicines to prevent osteoporosis.

Why is balance important for osteoporosis?

Balance is very important for people with osteoporosis. Your eyes, ears, muscles and joints all play an important role in maintaining your balance and preventing broken bones. Medical conditions and medicines can also affect balance and your risk of falling.

How does osteoporosis cause vertigo?

The disorder is believed to be caused by loose calcium carbonate crystals that move in the sensing tubes of the inner ear. The people with vertigo were compared to 202 people with no history of dizziness.

What happens when bone density decreases?

Osteoporosis causes bones to become weak and brittle — so brittle that a fall or even mild stresses such as bending over or coughing can cause a fracture. Osteoporosis-related fractures most commonly occur in the hip, wrist or spine.

What is bone mineral density and why is it important?

A BMD test measures your bone mineral density and compares it to that of an established norm or standard to give you a score. Although no bone density test is 100-percent accurate, the BMD test is an important predictor of whether a person will have a fracture in the future.